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How to verify if a server is actually a dedicated server not a VPS

This happened with one of my friend who lives in India. He purchases a dedicated server with the following configuration

  • E5-2620  4GB RAM
  • 2TB Hard Disk
  • Unmetered Bandwidth @ 1Mbps port

He paid the price for a dedicated server but the performance was not upto the mark as an E5 2620 is a very powerful server, things seems fishy and he asked me to check he has been tricked for a poor quality server. 

When I checked, everything was ok. The CPU information along with RAM size was clearly shown. Nothing suspecious but one difference I spotted viz the cPanel. The branding logo on cPanel (WHM) was showing cPanel optimized which indicates that a VPS license is being used (In a dedicated server license, it shows cPanel accelarated).

How can a VPS license is being used on a dedicated server? I asked the cPanel support staff. 

Officers at cPanel informed me that the server is actually a VPS, not a dedicated and that was a point where we all had a lesson.

Now, the question arises, How to verify if your server is actually a dedicated server but not a VPS. What if you don't have a cPanel? How to verify it from terminal?

How to check if the server is dedicated or VPS

There are multiple methods of doing that. 

1. Partitioning: A VPS server is already a Virtualized server which has been partitioned. You can not make another partition in a VPS server. This can only be done with a dedicated server.

2. Terminal methods

If you are virtualized under OpenVZ or Virtuozzo the file /proc/user_beancounters will exist. Run the following code

cat /proc/user_beancounters

If that file exists, you are on an OpenVZ VPS. 

Also look if /proc/vz or /proc/vz/veinfo exists (for OpenVZ)

or /proc/sys/xen, /sys/bus/xen or /proc/xen (for Xen)

Check if /proc/self/status has an s_context or VxID field.

If one of these file exists, then you have a VPS

 

2.b Hit this command grep 'model name' /proc/cpuinfo and If you are running under KVM you will see the following result.

 model name : QEMU Virtual CPU version 0.15.0 root@nscache1a:~# dmidecode -t system | grep Manufac Manufacturer: Bochs root# grep QEMU /proc/scsi/scsi Vendor: ATA Model: QEMU HARDDISK Rev: 0.15 Vendor: QEMU Model: QEMU DVD-ROM Rev: 0.15 

 

2.c Hit this command dmidecode -t system | grep -e Manu -e Prod if you are running under a XENCenter VPS, you will get the following result

root# dmidecode -t system | grep -e Manu -e Prod
       Manufacturer: Xen
       Product Name: HVM domU

Needless to say the easiest among these all method is to Install a cPanel and check if it shows cPanel optimised (for VPS) or cPanel Accelarated (Dedicated).  

How to differentiate between Dedicated server and shared server

Saw people raising questions about how to verify if you have a dedicated server but not a Shared server. 

Well, it is quite easy in this case to recognize. Below are a few method.

1. Reverse IP Check for Hosted Sites

You can make a reverse IP check for all sites on that server along with yours. Open myip.ms and put your domain name and make a search. it will show you all the sites sharing your IP.

2. Root access

In a dedicated server, you always get the root access. You can make a root login to your dedicated server via SSH. But in a shared server SSH username will anything but not root. 

3. Terminal

Login via terminal and hit the follwing command

cd /home | ls

It will show you the list of accounts created on the server and are being hosted. You can easily find if you are not alone on the server.

4. WHM

You can always check it almost instantly by logging yourself in via WHM and see the list of accounts. If you are in doubt between dedicated server and a reseller hosting, try exploring the features.  In a reseller hosting, you won't get all the features of WHM, such as restarting the server, apache configuration etc.

I hope this was helpful. Please let me know if you still find difculties at any step.

Feel free to add your knowledge of corrections in this article via comment box.

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  • how to verify weather website is on shared or on dedicated on coanel
 

$13 only for cPanel License-Super Cheap cPanel License Coupon Codes

Purchasing a cPanel license for a VPS or dedicated server generally costs you $15 & $35 respectively which often makes us think about the free alternatives of cPanel but you can also use promo codes while purchasing a license from BuycPanel.com. Make a quick note that purchasing cPanel from official website (cPanel.net) will cost you $20 which is way too costly, thats why one should prefer buying a license from its distributors which is cheaper.

Most of the web hosting companies offer internal cPanel license at just $10 but if you are not fortunately enought to get on that price, you can always buy a license at $13 from buycpanel.com using the following promo code.

  • whtvps13 Get cPanel VPS license at $13 only, Click here
  • goog13xtra Get VPS license at $13.95 plus a free WHM Xtra license.

Cheap cPanel license for dedicated server

There is a difference of price between cPanel license for a VPS and a dedicated server. It cost you only 15 USD for a VPS but a dedicated server license will cost you $35.  Again the same dedicated server license at cPanel official website costs you $45.

  • goog31xtra– Get a dedicated server cPanel license at 31.95$ only- Click here to buy

How to save over $20 on cPanel dedicated server license

There is a simple method. Just virtualize the whole dedicated server and buy yourself a cPanel VPS license instead. 

Suppose you have a dedicated server with 8GB RAM. All you need is to virtualize the whole server into one VPS node of 8GB RAM. Now it is a VPS of 8GB RAM so that qualifies you to use a VPS license on the server instead of dedicated one.

Note: A 15 days free trail is offered by cPanel Inc after a fresh installation. Make sure you get the benefit of that trail period. Many webmasters use the trail period to setup the web server as one donot require to access cPanel very often. 

 
froxlor-cpanel

Top 5 Free cPanel Open source alternatives for Linux Users

If you have ever purchase a VPS or dedicated server for yourself or your client, You must be aware of cPanel which is an awesome file management tool with powerful features. It gives you the abilitiy to perform all the complex server operations with an easy workable UI.

But the only sad part with cPanel is its cost. Spending $13 monthly for cPanel license makes us think of its alternatives. Some free alternatives of cPanel that could be used on server to do the required jobs in order to make a website online.

I have used VPSs from leading cloud company that includes DigitalOcean, Bluehost and even inmotion hosting but Imagine the painful situation where I have to pay $13 to manage my vps which costs only $10.

There are many open source projects on cPanel alternatives but either they have security issues or broken. Most of them are either closed projects with no support or documentation. 

Chosing the right Panel among these is totally subjective based on your requirements. Either you want to host a PHP based script or a wordpress blog or want to run a hosting business backed by these cPanel alternatives, you need to be careful about the features of each panel. 

I have mentioned some of the best panels along with their features and pros/cons. You can visit the documentation page to discover more about it.

Free cPanel Alternatives

1. Sentora (previously zPanel)

  • Project website: http://www.sentora.org/
  • Documentation: http://docs.sentora.org/?node=23
  • Panel Demo: Not available
  • Pros: Brandable, reselling features for SM businesses, Package allotment, multi client environment, modules for more awesomeness
  • Cons: Inactive supportcommunity

sentora panel demo

By the end of 2015 I was using zPanel as a cPanel alternative without any issues but recently they discontinued support (maybe the project was abandoned). Sentora is built from the ashes of zPanel by the core developers of zPanel. Released under the GPLv3, Sentora is the perfect choice for the most small to medium ISPs looking for a cost effective, extendable platform.

2. Froxlor

froxlor-cpanel

3. ServerPilot.io

  • Project website: https://www.serverpilot.io
  • Documentation: https://serverpilot.io/community/
  • Panel Demo: Not available
  • Features: PTR, rDNS setup,WP, Magnto app installation, support on Nginx, LAMP installed
  • Pros: Works well with DigitalOcean servers, automated updates, Firewall, Easy UI, Well documented 
  • Cons: Needs technical knowledge to operate, lacks file manager (use filezilla), no option for resellers

Serverpilot is a wonderful panel to manage your server. Built specially for PHP, wordpress websites, it works smoothly on cloud and is regularly updated. Special concerned have been given on security. sad part is, you need some expertise to operate this. If you are completely dependent on cPanel, avoid serverpilot. Also, Unlike WHM (web host manager),there is no provision for reselling of server, it is built only for private server management.

4. ISPConfig

IspConfig is one of the most popular hosting control panel with an easy to use layout. It is anauthentic control panel with all the features one would require. 

5. Ajenti

  • Project website: http://ajenti.org/
  • Documentation: http://docs1.ajenti.org/en/latest/
  • Panel Demo: N/A
  • Features: Support debian, Ubuntu, redhat,centos & FreeBSD, Nginx & Apache support, DNS management UI, File manager, Firewall security
  • Cons: Doesn't support reselling 

Ajenti with an attractive UI has all the features one would ask from a control panel to host a website.Although it lacks server reselling module but if you just want to host your own websites, this is one of the best panel for you.

6. VestaCP

VestaCP has a clean layout along with an easy to operate UI. Some parts of its website are outdated/broken which affects my trust on the community.It has a file manager with awesome UI. 

7. Virtualmin/Webmin

Virtualmin is built on top of, and integrated with, Webmin. Webmin is the world's most popular Linux/UNIX systems management UI, with over three million downloads per year.

Next time you deploy a VPS or a dedicated server, consider using a free altertive of cPanel in order to save some bucks.

We have covered all the open source project that are alive. If you believe we have missed any, Help the community by suggesting it to us.

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  • open-source cpanel alternatives